A herniated disc is an injury to the discs that cushion the vertebrae in your spine. It is caused by an excessive amount of force placed on the discs, which causes them to bulge or rupture. The herniation can cause a wide range of symptoms ranging from pain and numbness to loss of movement. Fortunately, there are treatments available to help alleviate the symptoms and even possibly cure the herniation.
The first step in curing a herniated disc is to seek medical attention. Your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and order imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan to diagnose the herniation and determine the extent of the injury. Once the herniation is confirmed, your doctor will discuss treatment options with you.
The treatment of a herniated disc usually involves a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. Medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants can help reduce pain and inflammation. Physical therapy can help strengthen the surrounding muscles, improve mobility, and reduce pain. Lifestyle modifications such as avoiding activities that may aggravate the herniation or using a lumbar support can also be beneficial.
Surgery is an option if other treatments are not successful. The type of surgery performed depends on the location and the size of the herniation. In some cases, a discectomy may be performed to remove the herniated disc material. In more severe cases, a fusion surgery may be required to stabilize the spine.
Although surgery is an option, it should only be considered after other treatments have been tried and found to be unsuccessful. Most herniations can be successfully treated with non-surgical treatments.
To help prevent a herniated disc, it is important to maintain good posture, strengthen the core and back muscles, and avoid activities that are too strenuous. If a herniated disc does occur, it is important to seek medical attention and follow the treatment plan prescribed by your doctor. With the right treatment, a herniated disc can be cured and the symptoms can be alleviated.