Disc bulge is a common spinal condition that occurs when the intervertebral discs (the cushions between the vertebrae of the spine) become displaced. It is a common source of back pain, and can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, poor posture, spinal misalignment, injury, and repetitive motions.
The intervertebral discs are made up of two parts: the nucleus pulposus, which is a thick, jelly-like substance, and the annulus fibrosus, which is a tough outer covering. In a healthy spine, the nucleus pulposus is contained within the annulus fibrosus, and the two parts act together to absorb shock and provide support for the spine. When a disc bulge occurs, the nucleus pulposus herniates (pushes) out from between the vertebrae, resulting in a bulge in the disc.
Disc bulge can lead to a variety of symptoms, including back pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the arms and legs. It can also cause sciatica, a condition in which pain radiates down the legs. In some cases, disc bulge can cause the nerves to become compressed, leading to serious complications.
In order to prevent disc bulge, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and practice good posture. Regular exercise and stretching can help to keep the spine flexible and strong, and can help to reduce the risk of injury. Additionally, weight management and avoiding repetitive motions can help to reduce the risk of disc bulge. If you are experiencing any symptoms of disc bulge, it is important to seek medical attention to ensure that your condition is properly diagnosed and treated.